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How Do You Get Banks to Lend You Money?

Banks have fairly straight forward lending criteria; it can be as simple as a formula you learn (and you should learn it if you are looking for bank financing whether a mortgage, line of credit, or other financing).  On the other hand it’s amazing that someone who doesn’t know what they are doing can walk into a bank and ask for a loan and get turned down, then someone else can walk in representing the exact same business with identical needs and get the loan.  What’s the difference?

Your first assumption might be the individual in question has a relationship with the banker, might have better credit, more personal assets, etc.  Those things might all be present and yes in certain circumstances those can make a difference, but those are not the differences we’re talking about.  In this case (and this is an actual example I have personal experience with and have seen happen many times) none of those details were different from the original bank visitor, in fact the second individual was merely acting as a representative of the first.

When I or many others like me did this what did we know and how did we act differently than the first person who couldn’t get the loan?

The answer lies in understanding the language of the banks, what they are looking for, and being committed to getting the result.  When you walk into the bank you need to be focused on what they want in order to be able to give them what they want in order to get what you want.  Banks aren’t out to deny you loans; they’d rather give you the loan provided it meets their criteria.

What banks care about is security, they are generally asset lenders and their most important concern is the assurance not from you but from what’s backing you that they’ll get repaid.  In other words if things go badly how are they protected?  If you can make it next to 100% that they’ll be protected if things go wrong you’ll be very likely to get the loan.

Think about it what are the three easiest loans to get?  First, mortgages, why?  Because the value of the house is typically greater than the amount of the loan so worst case scenario they can sell the house and recover most of their money.  Second, collateralizing life insurance policies.  Again this comes down to the same thing they know there is a fixed value to the life insurance policy so when in doubt they can recover their money from the asset.  Third, loans backed by cash or GIC deposits.  In other words if you walk into a bank and put down cash or a GIC as security the bank will essentially always give you a loan based on that security because they are protected, it’s like they are lending you your money back to you and who wouldn’t make that loan?

First lesson put yourself in the shoes of the lender.  The lender makes money by making the loan so they want to do so.  The lender is generally in a better position when you repay since it’s a hassle to go through the collection process if you default.  The first most important thing to the lender is that you repay.

Second lesson banks determine whether you’ll be likely to repay primarily through three factors.

  • Assets as security such as: real property vehicles, equipment, land, cash, bonds, securities, etc.
  • Cashflow on the personal side this is measured by before tax income, in the case of a business it’s profitability. Keep in mind when it comes to cashflow you need to show track record again think as the lender they want to know it’s steady income and not one time income, in other words do you have the income to make the debt payments?  With this in mind there’s one more factor to consider when it comes to cashflow and this is the relative amount of debt.  In other words it’s all well and good that you’ve got a certain income but if you’ve already borrowed so much money it consumes your whole cashflow then it’s not safe for the bank to lend you more.  This is called the debt service ratio.
  • Credit is essentially a measurement of how likely you are to repay.

Some banks will work and get resourceful to help you and find ways but generally that’s not the case.  Generally, they won’t know what resources you have available at your disposal in terms of different profit centers, different assets, etc. to call on to provide them with what they need so it’s up to you.  You’ll need to understand what types of loans are available to you and how to qualify for them.  For example, typically, lines of credit are more difficult to qualify for than loans for vehicle or property purchases simply because of the security.  Sometimes you can restructure debt to improve your debt service ratio, other times you can provide cross company guarantees to provide more cashflow to support a loan, the list goes.  The bottom line is when you walk into a bank if you do so with the understanding of what they are looking for and what you have available as resources you can present them with plans A, B, and C about how they are going to get paid back, in essence remove the risk from the deal for them and then they’ll be able to do all kinds of great things for you.

There are lots of little things to know that vary from bank to bank, but the above points form the essence of it.  The moment I learned what banks were after and was then able to engage in conversations with them about what resources I had available that I could manipulate to give them what they needed it become comparatively easy to get approved for loans.  You won’t always be able to borrow money from any institution this way, there are times when you won’t qualify, but it gives you a massive advantage.

For further detailed training and resources on this matter please check out our Richucation training programs.